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The »New Discoveries« project brings up evidence that arctic explorations and search of different utopias are related topics. The central piece of the project is a three-dimensional model of the newly discovered third pole of the northern hemisphere. We call this place Utopian North Pole. This piece is a detailed description of the physical character of the place and at the same time it brings up echoes from areas that have not been explored before.


The thought of a paradise like country behind ice barriers dates back to Greek thoughts. Similar visions were still alive at the 20th Century. In his study »Paradise Found« William F. Warren collects proof that the ancient Eden, where Adam and Eva were born is located on the North Pole.

Another theory of utopia was developed by John Cleves Symmes, who in 1818 brought up his view that Earth consisted of two concentric spheres, which had holes in both poles. He was confirmed that life could flourish inside the spheres. Despite of his wide campaign he was never able to find enough funding for organizing an arctic exploration to find the polar hole, and he never got to the land of his dreams. Support was denied even thought Symmes promised profitable trade with the inner earth civilization.

His theory nevertheless inspired some fictionary writings like imaginary »Narrative of Gorden Arthur Pym«. Another work, which was written under the pseudonym Captain Adam Seaborn, tells a story of a boat trip to the interior of the Earth through a northern hole. The trip ends with a discovery of a new continent called »Symzonia«, which was inhabited by a friendly race living in a social utopia.

In M.E. Bradley Lane’s book »Mizora« there is a description of a similar trip: when reaching the North Pole one woman finds her way to a feminine - equal- world under the sea.

A later proponent of the Hollow Earth theory, Marshal B. Gardner studied with great care the reports of trips made to the North Pole. He could point out that none of those earlier explorations really reached the pole because otherwise they would have found the northern hole and the paradise inside.

The great visionary and utopist leader Curys Reed Teed proved in his Cellular Cosmogeny that the Earth is like an eggshell and we are actually living inside of it, like in a safe protective womb. Teed purchased a little land and founded an utopist city, »New Jerusalem« for the followers of his theory. Arrangements were made for accommodating eight million devoted adherents.

Like these examples might prove, the North Pole has offered a field for great visions. Numerous explorations have been made to this region. Organizing a trip in spite of a thread of hunger, madness or even death tells more than just a simple wish to reach this certain place. We believe that all explorers were (and still are today) in search for a greater vision: in search of Utopia.

Kochta & Kontinen 2003

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